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CJS > Colectomy procedure treats numerous diseases of the colon

Colectomy procedure treats numerous diseases of the colon

colectomyA colectomy procedure involves the removal of part of the colon or the entire colon, depending on the nature of the disease. Colectomy is used to treat a variety of diseases, including:

  • Rectal cancer
  • Large polyps
  • Diverticular disease
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Uncontrolled bleeding

If a colectomy is recommended for a benign or non-cancerous growth, it is usually because that growth is symptomatic in some way (bleeding or causing a blockage) or it can be used to prevent the growth from progressing into a cancer. In the case of diverticulitis or inflammatory bowel disease, colectomy can be used to remove any segment that is affected by severe inflammation or infection.

When it is cancer

When a colectomy is needed to treat a malignant (cancerous) tumor, the surgeon must remove both the tumor and the vascular and lymph structures supplying that portion of the colon. This operation can offer a cure in some cases, depending on the stage of the cancer. Patients who have a colectomy for cancer treatment will meet with an oncologist soon after they have recovered from surgery to determine if chemotherapy, radiation or other additional treatment is necessary.

Surgical options

A colectomy can be performed as a conventional open surgery or laproscopically. At Central Jersey Surgeons, we recommend the minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery for our colectomy patients.

Benefits of the laparoscopic colectomy

A laparoscope (tiny telescope) connected to a video camera can be placed through a cannula into small incisions and give the surgeon a magnified, lighted view of your internal organs on a monitor. The advantages of a laparoscopic colectomy can include:

  • A shorter incision
  • Reduced pain
  • Shorter hospital stay
  • Smaller surgical scars
  • Faster resumption of normal activities
  • Faster return to normal eating
  • Possible to eliminate need for narcotic pain medications

Not every patient is eligible for laparoscopic colectomy

Several factors are considered including:

  • Type of disease
  • Your body type
  • Your overall health
  • Previous abdominal surgeries resulting in scar tissue
  • History of bleeding problems
  • Pregnancy

Learn more about the colectomy procedure

Make a consultation appointment by calling today: 908-725-8755.



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