Colectomy procedure treats numerous diseases of the colon
- Rectal cancer
- Large polyps
- Diverticular disease
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Crohn’s disease
- Ulcerative colitis
- Uncontrolled bleeding
If a colectomy is recommended for a benign or non-cancerous growth, it is usually because that growth is symptomatic in some way (bleeding or causing a blockage) or it can be used to prevent the growth from progressing into a cancer. In the case of diverticulitis or inflammatory bowel disease, colectomy can be used to remove any segment that is affected by severe inflammation or infection.
When it is cancer
When a colectomy is needed to treat a malignant (cancerous) tumor, the surgeon must remove both the tumor and the vascular and lymph structures supplying that portion of the colon. This operation can offer a cure in some cases, depending on the stage of the cancer. Patients who have a colectomy for cancer treatment will meet with an oncologist soon after they have recovered from surgery to determine if chemotherapy, radiation or other additional treatment is necessary.
A colectomy can be performed as a conventional open surgery or laproscopically. At Central Jersey Surgeons, we recommend the minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery for our colectomy patients.
Benefits of the laparoscopic colectomy
A laparoscope (tiny telescope) connected to a video camera can be placed through a cannula into small incisions and give the surgeon a magnified, lighted view of your internal organs on a monitor. The advantages of a laparoscopic colectomy can include:
- A shorter incision
- Reduced pain
- Shorter hospital stay
- Smaller surgical scars
- Faster resumption of normal activities
- Faster return to normal eating
- Possible to eliminate need for narcotic pain medications
Not every patient is eligible for laparoscopic colectomy
Several factors are considered including:
- Type of disease
- Your body type
- Your overall health
- Previous abdominal surgeries resulting in scar tissue
- History of bleeding problems
Learn more about the colectomy procedure
Make a consultation appointment by calling today: 908-725-8755.